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Shows how transnational corporations use lobby groups to shape EU policy. New updated edition

Product Details :

Genre Book : Political Science
Author Book : Penny Green
Publisher : Pluto Press (UK)
Release Book : 2004-01-20
Download Book : 255 Pages
ISBN-10 : STANFORD:36105114295590


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Can we understand torture by focusing on the torture chamber or even on the states in which it is practiced, or do we have to consider the wider political context in which it is embedded? This is the central question of this book which explores concepts of state crime for understanding and responding to the indirect use of torture by external nation states. Drawing on the cooperation between France and Argentina in Argentina's Dirty War, this book explores the utility of the concept of state crime for understanding and responding to the indirect use of torture by external nation states with a detailed examination of the exportation of torture techniques and training expertise as complicity in torture. Discussing the institutionalisation of torture in its international structural context, this book focuses on examining three alleged manifestations of the torturer: direct perpetrator, institutional perpetrator, and transnational institutional perpetrator. Important reading for those in the fields of criminology, sociology, international relations and human rights law, this book will also be of key interest to scholars and students in the areas of state crime, human rights and imperialism.

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Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Melanie Collard
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2018-07-11
Download Book : 218 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781315456119


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State Crime and Civil Activism explores the work of non-government organisations (NGOs) challenging state violence and corruption in six countries – Colombia, Tunisia, Kenya, Turkey, Myanmar and Papua New Guinea. It discusses the motives and methods of activists, and how they document and criticise wrongdoing by governments. It documents the dialectical process by which repression stimulates and shapes the forces of resistance against it. Drawing on over 350 interviews with activists, this book discusses their motives; the tactics they use to withstand and challenge repression; and the legal and other norms they draw upon to challenge the state, including various forms of law and religious teaching. It analyses the relation between political activism and charitable work, and the often ambivalent views of civil society organisations towards violence. It highlights struggles over land as one of the key areas of state and corporate crime and civil resistance. The interviews illustrate and enrich the theoretical premise that civil society plays a vital part in defining, documenting and denouncing state crime. They show the diverse and vibrant forms that civil society takes in a widely varied group of countries. This book will be of much interest to undergraduate and postgraduate social science students studying criminology, international relations, political science, anthropology and development studies. It will also be of interest to human rights defenders, NGOs and civil society.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Penny Green
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2019-04-22
Download Book : 294 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781317280057


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Within criminology 'the state' is often ignored as an active participant, or represented as a neutral force. While state crime studies have proliferated, criminologists have not paid attention to the history and impact of resistance to state crime. This book recognises that crimes of the state are far more serious and harmful than crimes committed by individuals, and considers how such crimes may be contested, prevented, challenged or stopped. Gathering together key scholars from the UK, USA, Asia, Australia and New Zealand, this book offers a deepened understanding of state crime through the practical and analytical lens of resistance. This book focuses on crimes ranging from gross violations of human rights (such as genocide, war crimes, mass killings, summary executions, torture, harsh detention and rape during war), to entrenched discrimination, unjust social policies, border controls, corruption, fraud, resource plunder and the failure to provide the regulatory environment and principled leadership necessary to deal with global warming. As the first to focus on state crime and resistance, this collection inspires new questions as it maps the contours of previously unexplored territory. It is aimed at students and academics researching state crimes, resistance, human rights and social movements. It is also essential reading for all those interested in joining the struggles to champion ways of living that value humanity and justice over power.

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Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Elizabeth Stanley
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2012
Download Book : 238 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9780415691932


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Current media and political discourse on crime has long ignored crimes committed by States themselves, despite their greater financial and human toll. For the past two decades, scholars have examined how and why States violate their own laws and international law and explored what can be done to reduce or prevent these injustices. Through a collection of essays by leading scholars in the field, State Crime offers a set of cases exemplifying state criminality along with various methods for controlling governmental transgressions. With topics ranging from crimes of aggression to nuclear weapons to the construction and implementation of social controls, this volume is an indispensable resource for those who examine the behavior of States and those who study crime in its varied forms.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Law
Author Book : Dawn Rothe
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release Book : 2011
Download Book : 335 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9780813549002


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State crimes are historically and contemporarily ubiquitous and result in more injury and death than traditional street crimes such as robbery, theft, and assault. Consider that genocide during the 20th century in Germany, Rwanda, Darfur, Albania, Turkey, Ukraine, Cambodia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and other regions claimed the lives of tens of millions and rendered many more homeless, imprisoned, and psychologically and physically damaged. Despite the gravity of crimes committed by states and political leaders, until recently these harms have been understudied relative to conventional street crimes in the field of criminology. Over the past two decades, a growing number of criminologists have conducted rigorous research on state crime and have tried to disseminate it widely including attempts to develop courses that specifically address crimes of the state. Referencing a broad range of cases of state crime and international institutions of control, State Criminality provides a general framework and survey-style discussion of the field for teaching undergraduate and graduate students, and serves as a useful general reference point for scholars of state crime.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Dawn Rothe
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release Book : 2009
Download Book : 265 Pages
ISBN-10 : 0739126725


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Genocide, State Crime and the Law critically explores the use and role of law in the perpetration, redress and prevention of mass harm by the state. In this broad ranging book, Jennifer Balint charts the place of law in the perpetration of genocide and other crimes of the state together with its role in redress and in the process of reconstruction and reconciliation, considering law in its social and political context. The book argues for a new approach to these crimes perpetrated 'in the name of the state' - that we understand them as crimes against humanity with particular institutional dimensions that law must address to be effective in accountability and as a basis for restoration. Focusing on seven instances of state crime - the genocide of the Armenians by the Ottoman state, the Holocaust and Nazi Germany, Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge, apartheid South Africa, Ethiopia under Mengistu and the Dergue, the genocide in Rwanda, and the conflict in the former Yugoslavia - and drawing on others, the book shows how law is companion and collaborator in these acts of nation-building by the state, and the limits and potentials of law's constitutive role in post-conflict reconstruction. It considers how law can be a partner in destruction yet also provide a space for justice. An important, and indeed vital, contribution to the growing interest and literature in the area of genocide and post-conflict studies, Genocide, State Crime and the Law will be of considerable value to those concerned with law's ability to be a force for good in the wake of harm and atrocity.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Law
Author Book : Jennifer Balint
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2011-10-28
Download Book : 246 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781136654152


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State crimes include cover-ups, corruption, disinformation, unaccountability, violations of a domestic and/or international law and other broadly harmful practices committed under the authority of governments or their officials. This new anthology identifies the most frequent and harmful expressions of state criminality, and evaluates the success of atttempts to prevent such behaviour in seven industrialised democracies. Case study chapters are included for the UK, the US, Canada, Israel, France, Italy and Japan.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Jeffrey Ian Ross
Publisher : Criminal Justice Press
Release Book : 2000-01-01
Download Book : 235 Pages
ISBN-10 : 1881798208


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State crime victimization often leaves a legacy of unrecognized victims that are ignored, forgotten, or negated the right to be labeled as such. Victims are often glossed over, as the focus is on a state’s actions or inactions rather than the subsequent victimization and victims. Towards a Victimology of State Crime serves to highlight the forgotten victims, processes and cases of revictimization within a sociological, criminological framework. Contributors include expert scholars of state crime and victimology from North America, Europe, Africa, and Latin America to provide a well-rounded focus that can address and penetrate the issues of victims of state crime. This includes a diverse number of case study examples of victims of state crime and the systems of control that facilitate or impede addressing the needs of victims. Additionally, with the inclusion of a section on controls, this volume taps into an area that is often overlooked: the international level of social control in relation to a victimology of state criminality.

Product Details :

Genre Book : Political Science
Author Book : Dawn L. Rothe
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2016-05-13
Download Book : 280 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781134962037


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This book provides an introduction to state crime, with a particular focus on the UK, where the use of crime to achieve policy and political objectives is an underdeveloped aspect of academic study. The book overviews the various definitional issues, before exploring possible examples of state crime in the UK, and considering why state crime occurs and how it is investigated and adjudicated. Questions addressed include: what are state crimes? how far does state crime require evidence of official policy, approved by those who are the leaders of the state, or state institutions? who exactly decides that this should be official policy? how and who adjudges on such conduct?

Product Details :

Genre Book : Social Science
Author Book : Alan Doig
Publisher : Routledge
Release Book : 2010-12-22
Download Book : 280 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781136840012